The article is devoted to the peculiarities of political behavior of soviet workers in the 1920s on the basis of information materials of the state security agencies and party committees analyzes key behavioral responses of soviet workers: protest and political loyalty, different methods and forms of their manifestation. Discusses the formation of life strategies of workers under the influence of external and internal factors. Highlighted the well-established clichés of the power of discourse in the description of the behavior of workers, the preservation of traditions explaining the negative reactions of the workers the influence of anti-soviet agitation and lack of assimilation of the party program. The phenomenon of “political passivity” of the workers is interpreted as referring to the strategies of protest, escapism and apathy. It is noted the change in the political rhetoric of workers, strengthening “ritual” and demonstrative support to the authorities by the end of the 1920s. The conclusion about the influence of political and social factors and personal characteristics on political behavior working, which has affected the implementation of the soviet political project.