Post-Soviet area in the context of Transformation of the international system: new formation or dispersing Phenomenon? The article focuses on the current processes of transformation and reorganization of the Post-Soviet area, which is influenced by a series of internal and external factors. The author analyses developments, which took place after the second wave of major geopolitical changes of the XXI century, resulting in NATO and EU enlargements, as well as its attempts to establish new regimes following the so-called “colored revolutions” in several states of the region. The article is based on a research that includes comparative analysis of the outlines of foreign policies of the new independent states, which helps the author to make a number of very important observations about contemporary trends of the ongoing reorganization of the Post-Soviet area. Special interest is given to the outcomes of the actions of the non-regional actors and powers, which still remain non-traditional for the region. Despite the fact that those actors are still critically active in the region, their tactical achievements could lead to a strategic defeat, while the Russian Federation could regain and re-broaden its influence over the Post-Soviet states.