Ethnos and nation are the basic modes of being of the people

Philosophical and cultural studies

The article considers the main conceptions of the relationship between ethnos and nation in the evolution of mankind; examines the factors that hinder the proceses of cognition of the phenomena. Defines the status of the people as the subject of historical activity, staying in different conditions of its own existence. Identifies the positive and negative consequences of conformity and nonconformity of ethos, nation and civil nation for the fates of society.