Speech Disciplines in the System of Students’ Humanitarian Education

Problems of higher school

The article considers the topical problem – formation of students’ speech culture. The topicality of this problem is connected with the fact that speech disciplines are excluded from the curriculum of most universities. The author analyzes scientific publications and identifies mistakes. An objective method of analysis is used and violation of standard Russian is found. Abstracts of scientific articles constitute the most numerous cluster. It is studied in detail to find violation of lexical compatibility. Method of continuous sampling was used to collect factual material. Statistical analysis was used for the results processing. The violation of lexical compatibility was found in 21 out of 100 summaries. Presented in the summary is the data that defines the sphere of science and reflects the qualification of the authors who have committed these mistakes. The articles on economic sciences are most numerous an constitute 28.6 % over 30 % of the authors who violated lexical collocation rules are the doctors of sciences; about 40 % are candidates of sciences (Ph.D.). The list of other typical mistakes is accompanied by the examples from various scientific genres. The findings were compared with the results of analysis of school graduates’ speech competencies. The author concludes that the level of proficiency in russian is almost unchanged even after university and post-graduate education. The article draws attention to the problem of speech culture of all those involved in the educational process. Contents of this article can be used for training students and postgraduates.