Russian expeditions to Central Asia (1870—1920s): scientific and politico-military aspects

Aspects of Russian society history

The article examines the interplay of scientific, political and military aspects in the Russian exploration of  Central  Asia  (Mongolia,  Western  China  and  Tibet)  in  the  late  19th – early 20th century.  Admitting the influence of the geopolitical factor, the so-called “Great Game”, on the Russian exploration in the region, the author maintains that the expeditions of the Russian Geographical Society had predominantly scientific priorities.