Representation of Russian orthodox philosophers about good and harm

Philosophical and cultural studies

It has been very difficult to distinguish Good from Evil and to understand a stream of the information in connection with absence of accurate ideology and an accurate moral reference points in russia during last decades. In given article sights at categories “Good” and “Evil” Russian orthodox philosophers are presented: N.O. Lossky, N.A. Berdjaeva, S.N. Bulgakov, I.A. Ilyin, F.M. Dostoevsky, etc. The good category is presented and as set of three human feelings – shame, pity, awe, and as active love to the Creator, carried out through a chastity prism, and as full, unconditional contrast to harm and incompatibility with it. Good practically is not considered as a certain moral category, and it is perceived by philosophers exclusively as a spiritual category. Evil is considered as a full absolute non-existence, as nothing, in contrast to which is created the whole world, and as specific moral changes in a person and in a society, and as absolutely dependent category, and as historical and vital necessity. The concept of evil of Russian philosophy appears as limiting generalisation of all negative in the world and the person, closely connected with a free will of people.