The digital transformation underway today undoubtedly leads to certain changes in the structure of the educational process, its organizational formats and applied pedagogical technologies. The intensive spread of digital technologies and the possibility of rapid transfer of information to any part of the world via the Internet require a serious approach to the development of qualifications and competences requirements for students. This problem is of particular relevance for the student community, as their period of identity formation (professional, social) coincides with the intensification of the digital environment. The aim of the study is to assess the impact of digitalization of learning on the formation of professional identity of a future specialist (in this case, a philologist). The results of the survey of students of one of Kazakhstan’s leading universities, L.N. Gumilyov Eurasian National University, made it possible to identify students’ attitudes to the transition to online learning, determine how the nature of their social interactions has changed, find out their preferences in the format of education, thereby determine how the digital environment affects their professional formation as future philologists.