The paper studies the strategy of antonymic translation in the sphere of the adjective as the main translation transformation and the ways of its linguistic implementation within the framework of artistic discourse. The purpose of the study is to systematize the models of antonymic translation in the field of the adjective in the Russian and English languages based on the metonymic principle. The empirical base of the research includes examples of negation obtained by the method of continuous sampling from the work of Anton P. Chekhov “The Lady with the Dog” and its English translations. Theoretical provisions related to the description of the semantic category of antonymy in Russian and English, as well as various interpretations of the concept of antonymic translation were analyzed. The paper revealed the features of antonymic translation as a special translation technique and indicated three main strategies of antonymic translation, such as the negativity strategy, the positivity strategy and the cancellation strategy. The findings of the study identified antonymic translation strategies in the sphere of the adjective, which are widely employed in modern translation practice.