This article aims to identify the common features in the philosophy of M. Heidegger and other thinkers of the imagination and to give the most accurate description of this philosophy, obtained through comparison. The main approaches to the study of this problem are to review, analyze and compare, allowing to comprehensively consider Heidegger’s philosophy of imagination. The article deals with M. Heidegger’s position on imagination, which he presents in his numerous texts. Particular attention is paid to Heidegger’s work “Kant and the Problem of Metaphysics”, which sets out the core of Heidegger’s doctrine of the imagination. The article also presents an analysis of other works by Heidegger, including “Black Notebook” concerning imagination and spontaneity, which complement the teaching of the imagination as set out in the text “Kant and the metaphysics of the problem.” In addition, the article discusses the possibility of correlating Heidegger’s doctrine of the imagination with those of other well-known philosophers, including G. Bachelard, A.F. Losev and M.N. Epstein.