Philosophy of dignity and its subject
This article focuses on the issue of human dignity. The author places importance on the task of analyzing the ethical aspect of philosophy, with the advantage of a holistic approach to the problems. The aim of this work is the identification of a subject of philosophy of dignity and the identification of the boundaries of its problem field. The research methods are the method of system analysis, the principle of historical and logical unity, the method of cultural-historical comparison. The author regards philosophy as a unity of correct thinking and worthy existence. The problem studied in this paper is that such unity is constantly being lost during the historical development of the European discourse. The article shows the reason for this, which is the original feature of the development of European philosophical discourse as theory, which implies the potential risk of dropping out of the fullness of life praxis. The result of this study is the introduction of the concept of the philosophy of dignity. This concept can act as the “assemblage point” on both a personal and a social level. Therefore, dignity can connect our broken consciousness and existence. The main antinomy of the philosophy of dignity has been found, which is the confrontation between two positions: 1. Human dignity does not exist. 2. Human dignity does exist. Both positions are equally justified. The decisive argument in favor of the existence of the phenomenon of dignity is the existence of mankind and Russia, impossible without the necessary and sufficient number of decent people. One of the results of the study is distinguishing the differences between ethics as a philosophical science and the ethical aspect of philosophy. Ethics is about human behavior from the standpoint of free choice. But the philosophy is the role of ethical practice. Philosophy as a life practice, like religion, is a kind of worthy existence. Thus, we can conclude that the philosophy of dignity is possible at the intersection of ethics as a philosophical science and philosophy in general as a means to a worthy existence.