The article is dedicated to the role of domestic organizations in controlling Swedish arms exports. We have reviewed and identified the key organizations engaged in arms export control in Sweden. The organizations that establish restrictions at the national and supranational level, as well as the main decisions and directives concerning this issue have been considered. Since business also plays an important role in the export control system in Sweden, attention is also paid to this issue. As a result of this study, we have concluded that domestic organizations play the crucial role in carrying out activities related to control of exports in the defense industry; at the same time, other elements such as international organizations and businesses are also fairly important.