The article explores the philosophy of Chinese-Russian cultural relations in the Chinese monograph “A history of the cultural exchanges between China and Russia” in 2018, ISBN 978-7-201-11214-5. The monograph consists of two volumes, edited by Professor Xiao Yuqiu. The work was written with the assistance of a large archival material located in the central and provincial archives of China and Russia. The scientific novelty of the work is a systematic presentation of the history of cultural relations between China and Russia, starting from the ancient period to the present day. The authors investigated the entire process of the formation of Chinese-Russian cultural exchange, studied the main directions and stages of its development.