To study the concept of time in East European Modern Era: the pathos and irony

Philosophical and cultural studies

The article is devoted to historiosophical and axiological understanding the Genesis of Eastern European Modern era in relation to the “Silver age” of Russian culture, as well as philosophical and cultural dimension of the phenomena of myth, religion, art, cosmism, dignity and human self-determination in cultural-historical discourse. The article shows the deep connection of large-scale scientific-technical, socio-cultural and institutional changes (“shifts”) with the spiritual and ontological foundations of human existence. In the article the Modern era is considered as a significant shift in the various fields of culture: from rational discourse to sensual, material and corporal, highlighted what is happening in the Modern era a reassessment of the relationships of intimate and public, shows the emerging technologies of communication, new ways of disclosing associative-semantic spaces of culture, identified the Genesis of the understanding of the figure of the provincial and the model of leader. These changes are manifested both in philosophy and in diverse social practices, including artistic quest (synthesis, synesthesia, universal sense). The paper proposes historiosophical understanding of Eastern Europe Modern era in the collision of two development trends: on the one hand, the project of universal greatness, based on the possibility of redefining the very center of Modern European civilization, hypothetically displaced in Eastern Europe (N. Roerich, M. Chiurlionis, A. Scriabin, K. Ziolkowski and others), and on the other hand – an ironic smile on modernist pathos of gigantism (B. Schulz, B. Kustodiev, V. Rozanov and others). Highlights the new role of the institution of the book in relation intimate and public, where the very mass reproduction is either on the side of a pragmatic cynicism of power-efficient, or on the defense of individuation, which allows public to protect the most intimate. On the material in-depth analysis of the works and the modernist poetics of Bruno Schulz (reception eloquentia) planned model of human existence in the Modern era: the people present in the parallel flow of time in relation to the freak show of world history. concentrated in personality, they concentrated on the books in the broadest sense. Some of them manage to defend its identity and not allow yourself to tighten the game panopticon. The metaphor of Bruno Schulz (“double-track time”) attracts the attention to the “invisible” man with his desire for spiritual fulfillment. The article expands understanding of the spiritual quest of the creators and masters of the Modern era and can be used in the practice of Museum and educational work.