Internationalization of science and the problem of scientific culture in the epoch of globalization
The paper shows a relation between internalization of science and higher education falsely interpreted as anglicization of this sphere and changes in modern paradigm of scientific culture. The analysis is based on researches done according to the methodology of scientific knowledge, sociology of science, cognitive linguistics and discourse theory. Modern scientific discourse in its written and oral variants is characterized by the obvious domination of the English language in international communication. It is also in a wider use inside the non-English speaking countries: in scientific conferences, in the activity of scientific publishing houses, and in carrying out of many educational programs in English at universities and colleges. It shows that internalization of science is interpreted improperly as reduction of the area where other communicatively powerful European languages can be used. Such approach towards organization of a scientific process contradicts significant provisions of basic international documents, which regulate the international cooperation in the field of scientific research and higher education. The existing situation is caused by the influence, first, of the American system of higher education and by the general economic influence of English-speaking countries, for which reason the English language is qualified in special literature as an economic variable in the field of science and education. Impoverishment of the language base in modern science leads to the exclusion of the great layer of accumulated knowledge articulated in other languages from this sphere. This knowledge shows the scientific culture of other countries, as well as the style of scientific thinking in other cultures. Therefore, the possibilities to carry out epistemologically different approaches upon solving scientific problems are reduced, because second language skills not only expand the way of thinking, but also change the one available before.