The value of state programs in modern conditions is noted. The attention is drawn to problems of development of national economy in the 1970–1980s, including the value of scientific and technical progress. The structure of the “intensification-90” program is presented. The reserves which were available for activities of higher educational institutions and allowed them to contribute to implementation of the program effectively are considered. The conclusion is made that the “intensification-90” program was a serious examination for the system of the higher education of the region.